The WALA Plant Library
Hawthorn

Synonyms for Hawthorn: May, Mayblossom, Whitethorn, Haw
Scientific Name: Crataegus monogyna Jacq. (monostylous hawthorn) and Crataegus laevigata Poir. (distylous hawthorn)
Family: Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Description:

White in spring, red in autumn: hawthorn gives us pleasure throughout the year. From May to June these large shrubs or small trees are covered in a froth of white flowers arranged in small clusters or corymbs. The sharp thorns and small three- to five-lobed, almost diamond-shaped leaves are scarcely visible amongst the blossom. In autumn, from September onwards, the red, mealy fruits, yellow on the inside, decorate the tree which grows in scrub, hedges, on sunny slopes, in deciduous woods and pine woods.
A small, scarcely perceptible difference in the flower structure, distinguishes two different species of hawthorn: monostylous and distylous. The two species occur alongside each other and are intermingled.